Literature review on cholera pdf
The Cholera Epidemic in Zimbabwe, 2008–2009: A Review and Critique of the Evidence On July 14, 2017 · In Papers in Press C. Nicholas Cuneo, Richard Sollom, and Chris Beyrer
Cholera is an acute, secretory diarrhoea caused by infection with Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O139 serogroup. It is endemic in more than 50 countries and also causes large epidemics.
Vaccination in Humanitarian Emergencies: Literature review and case studies Part I: Literature review 1. Introduction Humanitarian crises and emergencies …
water in Nigeria include Cholera, Dracunculiasis, Hepatitis, Typhoid and Filariasis. In this research study, the profile of water In this research study, the profile of water related diseases in Nigeria from 2002-2008 was considered.
A literature review Background: Outbreaks of cholera in Africa seem to be unrelenting which has been continuous and recurrent leading to high morbidity and mortality in some quarters. Objective
Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by infection with the toxigenic bacterium Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 or O139. Human infection most often is caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Infection can result in rapid dehydration and death in the absence of timely and appropriate rehydration. Infected persons can shed trillions of infectious Vibrio cholerae bacteria and can
Cholera is a rapidly dehydrating diarrhea disease, estimated to cause the death of 100 000–130 000 persons and accounts for 3–5 million cases per year (Mpazi and Mnyika, 2005).
pdf. Review of Cholera and Conflict . 2 Pages. Review of Cholera and Conflict . Uploaded by. J. Steere-Williams. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Review of Cholera and Conflict . Download. Review of Cholera and Conflict . Uploaded by. J. Steere-Williams Book Reviews subverts its own subject-matter and asks fundamental questions about connexions …
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PDF On Mar 28, 2012, Marzia Lazzerini and others published Evidence Based Treatment of Cholera: A review of Existing Literature
The disease, the literature, and 3 epidemics Cholera, a disease of bacterial origin , and the scourge of India from time immemorial, broke out of India in 1817. For a brief period of about 30 years, from ca 1830 to ca. 1900, Europe’s towns and cities were besieged by countless epidemics. An enormous growth of literature followed in the wake of the disease. As may be expected there were many
20/06/2008 · The seasonality of cholera is described in various study areas throughout the world. However, no study examines how temporal cycles of the disease vary around the world or reviews its hypothesized causes. This paper reviews the literature on the seasonality of cholera …
Vibrio cholerae- A Review subcontinent, where epidemic of cholera like disease Pathogenicity for humans and Virulence were described as far back as the 16th century factors
We conducted a systematic review of the literature for statements of the incubation period of cholera and data that might aid in its estimation. We extracted individual-level data, parametrically estimated the distribution of toxigenic cholera’s incubation period, and evaluated evidence for …
A Review of Literature on Cholera Toxin and its Receptor Cell Binding with a Focus on B Subunit Introduction: To begin we must briefly observe the mechanical structure and composition of cholera toxin. Essentially cholera toxin is a fairly small oligomeric protein complex composed of six protein subunits excreted by Vibrio cholera, a bacterium. These subunits are labeled subunit A with a
Of the estimated 3 to 5 million cases that occur globally every year, about 100 000 to 120 000 die. 8, 9 In 2002, Lanata et al. calculated, using the fraction of diarrhoea cases estimated to be caused by cholera (0.05%), that 11 million cholera cases occur globally every year among children under 5 years of age. 10 However, adults and older children can also get cholera, and mortality can be
This paper presents a systematic literature review investigating the function, use and impact of WASH interventions implemented to control cholera. Results The review yielded eighteen studies and of the five studies reporting on health impact, four reported outcomes associated with water treatment at the point of use, and one with the provision of improved water and sanitation infrastructure
3 Literature Review to Thesis Statement topic to another. I had permitted my fascination with the wondrous opportunities of online re-search to override a method I’ve used, and taught
The incubation period of cholera: A systematic review Article· Literature Review in The Journal of infection 66(5) · November 2012 with 690 Reads
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW UPSpace Home
Background. Vibrio cholera is a major contributor of diarrheal illness that causes significant morbidity and mortality globally. While there is literature on the health economics of diarrheal illnesses more generally, few studies have quantified the cost-of-illness and cost-effectiveness of cholera-specific prevention and control interventions.
Read Cholera essays and research papers. View and download complete sample Cholera essays, instructions, works cited pages, and more. The essay is dated 29 August 1849 a review of the published pamphlet. see page 231 of the PDF of Dr. Watsons lecture on Entozoa for a similar point of. Essay cholera. Hij beschreef daarin de wetten die de. This
Review of Vibrio cholerae Microbiology Cholera is caused by strains of V. cholerae O1 or O139. V. cholerae has many serotypes, but only toxi-genic strains (which produce cholera toxin, or CT) belonging to these two serotypes have caused epidemic diarrhoea. V. cholerae belongs to the Vibrionaceae fam-ily of bacteria, which are normal inhabitants of fresh and salt water; thus, an understanding
The First Cholera Outbreak – Cholera conquered nineteenth century Europe like a new air to a throne. The first outbreaks of the disease appeared to have begun in India which spread smoothly into Britain by trade through Britain’s Indian based empire.
18/08/2015 · Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently employed to control outbreaks though evidence regarding their effectiveness is often missing. This paper presents a systematic literature review investigating the function, use and impact of WASH interventions implemented to control cholera.
Background and Methods Cholera remains a significant threat to global public health with an estimated 100,000 deaths per year. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently employed to control outbreaks though evidence regarding their effectiveness is often missing. This paper presents a systematic literature review
A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.
cholera epidemic and 3) To provide recommendations, based on the findings of the field evaluation and a literature review, for the improvement of the current cholera control program. In order to answer the objectives the LSHTM undertook a systematic literature review on the success and failures of WASH interventions in cholera preparedness and response programs, and during field visits to
Method:Review of post-1990 peer-reviewed and grey literature on rapid diagnostic tests for Vibrio cholerae. Results:Since 1990, twenty four diagnostic tests have been developed for the detection of Vibrio cholerae in human faecal
Final Report of the Independent Panel of Experts on the
Read our review and summary of Love In the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcia Marquez and download Love In the Time of Cholera PDF free ebook at the end. Love In the Time of Cholera PDF Review: When it comes to the romance novels, the one we are talking about s without any doubt very best of these novels.
The recent literature focuses on sustainability, integrating HWT into cholera prevention programs, and integration of HWT and oral cholera vaccine (OCV) programs. A recent review found the sustainability of WASH interventions is frequently inadequately evaluated [ 32 ].
1 Review Research on The Literature of Diarrhea Disease in China (1990-2004) National Center for Rural Water Supply Technical Gu idance, China CDC
This chapter will review the evidence behind the treatment of cholera, providing an up to date description of what we know on cholera treatment from existing scientific literature. The review takes into consideration different aspects of cholera treatment, such as fluids,
This literature review will highlight some of the main positions that researchers have on the causes of Parkinson’s disease. Among these causes are environmental toxins, …
Cholera is endemic in approximately 50 countries (defined as having reported cholera cases in at least three of the five past years), mostly in Africa and Asia . In addition, epidemics due to V. cholerae have occurred throughout Africa, Asia, the Middle East, South and Central America, and the Caribbean, and can be particularly extensive [ 3 ].
Methods: A systematic literature review was undertaken for the period 1983 to 2011 using PubMed and the search terms “oral cholera vaccines,” “children,” and …
On October 22nd, 2010, the first cholera case in Haiti in nearly a century was confirmed at the Haiti National Public Health Laboratory. A review of hospital admission records along the Artibonite
We conducted a systematic review of the literature for statements of the incubation period of cholera and data that might aid in its estimation. We extracted individual-level data, parametrically estimated the distribution of toxigenic cholera’s incubation period, and evaluated evidence for …
The Cholera Epidemic in Zimbabwe 2008–2009 A Review and
4 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 INTRODUCTION With an estimated 120,000 cholera associated deaths per year it must be considered one of the most important diarrheal diseases of our times, having a huge impact on social and
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